Nearly every programming language involves a set of standards as the developer’s advocate. They’re rules on how you need to name your files, variables, classes, and even non-binary questions like row length.
But what is the importance of these standards? If this works, isn’t it the most important part? Let’s slow it down. We can see that good software and code aren’t as easy as pie. To meet quality objectives, the software development team needs to make consistent efforts. That’s a critical thing for the software project. Developers often evade quality guidelines when they’re expected to complete their tasks within a short period.
Coding Guidelines Essence
An encoding standard ensures that all developers working on the project adhere to certain guidelines. Coding rules and guidelines guarantee that the software is:
- Safe. It can be used without causing damage;
- Secure. There’s no way to hack it;
- Reliable. It works the way it’s supposed to;
- Verifiable. It can be tested as part of the code;
- Maintainable. It can be kept, even if your code database expands;
- Portable. It functions in the same way in all environments.
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Why You Need Follow Coding Guidelines
We have coding standards for a reason. They’re designed to make sure that the code you write is as manageable as possible. It’s worth pointing that out if you work as part of a team. If you all follow the same set of rules, it’s much easier for other colleagues to grasp it, add something to it, and help you sustain it.
Any Developer Can Understand the Code
The coding standards are agreed-with best practice guides that developers have decided to follow when drafting code for a project. It explains how we need to write code to ensure that the project is coded consistently and that it’s easier for all team members to understand, track and keep up to date. Such rules will not only help us grow as a team but will also lead us to write a more stable application.
It Makes Your Life Easier
It’s just as important if you work by yourself. Even though it’s a project that’s never going to be shared with anybody. Sticking to these guidelines persistently, when you stop working on the task, you can return to them months later. It’ll be easier for you to refresh the code in your memory rather than spending hours trying to figure out what’s going on.
Knowing Codes Guidelines Doubles Your Chances to Get Hired
It’s also beneficial to have knowledge and experience regarding coding standards to be hired. Companies need to know that other team developers can easily retain your code.
Best Practices in Improving the Quality of the Code
Most of your code quality problems arise over the course of the software development process. Your developers can solve many of these issues by integrating best practices for code quality.
Use Code Comments and Relevant Documentation
Adding comments in your code helps other programmers understand your work rapidly. Using an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) and other tools, you will be able to use different comments.
Start each function with a comment about its goal, what parameters it uses and manipulates, and any exceptions it throws. Explaining the function of each class, file, and embedded code allows them to fully capture the coding feature.
Indent Your Code
It’s highly recommended to indent your code to enhance its legibility. There are no industry norms about indentation. You can create your style and specify it in the directives to highlight the coherence of the code.
Bundle Up Your Code
Grouping your code using methods and separating them with suitable spaces increases the readability of the code. As well, providing a brief, informative comment at the beginning of each block reduces the number of comments.
Use a Cohesive Naming Scheme
Remember to use a common naming scheme for all your features, methods, classes, and files. Following this guideline sets them apart and promotes a better understanding.
Developers must abide by the DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) guideline while programming. Make sure you write down your code and avoid copying it without worrying about consequences. Coders must keep the code clean, precise, and original to enhance its quality.
Avoid Tricky Nesting Code
Greatly simplify your code by avoiding code interlacing as much as possible. Avoiding deep nesting enhances code understanding and reduces bug fix time.
Narrow Down Your Line Lengths
Use small columns and short lines to make your project easier to read. Make sure that each line of code is no longer than 80 characters.
Always Arrange Your Files and Folders
You could put your entire code in one file. However, it isn’t recommended for legibility or maintenance purposes. Instead, try a modular approach to coding by creating various files and organizing them well.
All in all, coding guidelines aren’t meant to get through an obstacle. They’re just trying to stop the headache along the way. If you begin to use them, it’ll become muscle memory and you won’t even realize that you’re doing it.